عنوان مقاله [English]
Marco Shuler is one of the professors who have studied the Prophet's interactive approach with the tribes of the people of the Book, especially the Jews. Strong verses of the Holy Quran, in reporting on how the Prophet (PBUH) dealt with varied groups in society and interaction with different strata and minorities, can be a divine model for the officials of the Islamic government. Strong verses of the Holy Quran, a report on how the Prophet (PBUH) dealt with varied groups in society and interaction with different strata and minorities, can be a divine model for the officials of the Islamic government and a guide for decision-making in domestic and foreign policy. Purifying Qur'anic interpretations of false narrations and modifying this historical fact, shows the Qur'anic face of the Prophet's biography far from violent. The present study intends to answer the main question with the method of documentation, library tools, and the study of texts. The result of the interpretive analysis is that, contrary to Schuler's view, the non-acceptance of Islam did not lead to the expulsion of the Jews from Medina, but the breach of contract and the events of the BANI QINAGHAA market could lead to their expulsion. Also, selective reference to sources and lack of analysis, are from troubles of research of this Orientalist, about BANI QURAYZAH and BANI NADIR. By regarding to the verses of the Holy Quran and the history of Islam, there are two ways in which the Prophet (PBUH) interacted with the Jews of Medina, dialogue, peace, agreement or inevitably strong reaction which is the result of the other side's departure from the framework of civilized relations and social covenants. But according to the definite and Qur'anic tradition of the Prophet (PBUH), his behavior has not been outside the scope of justice and fairness.