عنوان مقاله [English]
The Orientalism movement officially began to work during the Crusades and with similar goals, bringing remarkable results to the Western world. In such a way that it became the source for many colonies and material and spiritual domination over Islamic lands. The stream of Orientalism can be divided into four periods: the beginning period (12th century) inside the church, the Renaissance period (16th century) that pulled Orientalism out of the church wall, the Renaissance period (19th century), which has a critical approach to its past and endeavors to show him more and more academic, and finally the modern period (20th century) in which Orientalism has pretended to have full academic and impartial prestige. These four periods have been obtained through the historical analysis of the works of Orientalists around the Qur'an and in a general view, it has been concluded that the Orientalist approach has changed from a completely malicious and unfair approach to a scientific, neutral and relatively fair approach; However, the analysis of the Qur'anic works of Orientalists in all periods shows that this stream has never been free from the shackles of malice with the Qur'an, and despite some brilliant works in recent periods, many Orientalists studies have retained their critical and skeptical tone.